Charles Ives Essay, Research Paper
Born in Danbury, Connecticut on October 20, 1874, Charles Ives pursued what is possibly one of the most extraordinary and self-contradictory callings in American music history. Businessman by twenty-four hours and composer by dark, Ives & # 8217 ; s huge end product has bit by bit brought him acknowledgment as the most original and important American composer of the late 19th and early twentieth centuries. Inspired by transcendentalist doctrine, Ives sought a extremely individualized musical look through the most advanced and extremist proficient means possible. A captivation with bi-tonal signifiers, polyrhythms, and citation was nurtured by his male parent who Ives would subsequently admit as the primary originative influence on his musical manner.
Ironically, much of Ives & # 8217 ; s work would non be heard until his practical retirement from music and concern in 1930 due to terrible wellness jobs. The music director Nicolas Slonimsky, music critic Henry Bellamann, piano player John Kirkpatrick, and the composer Lou Harrison ( who conducted the premiere of the Symphony No. 3 ) played a cardinal function in presenting Ives & # 8217 ; s music to a wider audience. Henry Cowell was possibly the most important figure in furthering public and critical attending for Ives & # 8217 ; s music, printing several of the composer & # 8217 ; s works in his New Music Quarterly.
The American composer Charles Ives learned a great trade from his bandmaster male parent, George Ives, and a love of the music of Bach. At the same clip he was exposed to a assortment of really
American musical influences, subsequently reflected in his ain idiosyncratic composings. Ives was educated at Yale and made a calling in insurance, reserving his activities as a composer for his leisure hours. Ironically, by the clip that his music had begun to elicit involvement, his ain inspiration and energy as a composer had waned, so that for the last 30 old ages of his life he wrote small, while his repute grew.
The symphonic musics of Ives include music basically American in inspiration and adventuresome in structur
vitamin E and texture, montages of America, expressed in a musical parlance that makes usage of complex polytonalism ( the usage of more than one key or key at the same clip ) and beat. Symphony No. 3, reflects much of Ives’s ain background, transporting the explanatory rubric “Camp Meeting” and motion rubrics “Old Folks Gatherin’” , “Children’s Day” and “Communion” . Symphony No. 4 includes a figure of anthem and Gospel vocals, and his alleged First Orchestral Set, otherwise known as New England Symphony, depicts three topographic points in New England.
Much of the earlier organ music written by Ives from the clip of his pupil old ages, when he served as organist in a figure of churches, found its manner into ulterior composings. The second of
his two piano sonatas, Concord, Mass. 1840 & # 8211 ; 60, has the characteristic motion rubrics & # 8220 ; Emerson & # 8221 ; , & # 8220 ; Hawthorne & # 8221 ; , & # 8220 ; The Alcotts & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Thoreau & # 8221 ; , a really American literary jubilation.
The first of the two threading fours of Ives has the characteristic rubric & # 8220 ; From the Salvation Army & # 8221 ; and is based on earlier organ composings, while the 4th of his four fiddle sonatas depicts & # 8220 ; Children & # 8217 ; s Day at the Camp Meeting & # 8221 ; .
Ives wrote a figure of psalm scenes, part-songs and verse scenes for unison voices and orchestra. In his many solo vocals he set poetries runing from Shakespeare, Goethe and Heine to Whitman and Kipling, with a figure of texts of his ain creative activity. Relatively good known vocals by Ives include & # 8220 ; Shall We Gather at the River & # 8221 ; , & # 8220 ; The Cage & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; The Side-Show & # 8221 ; .
In 1947, Ives was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his Symphony No. 3, harmonizing him a much deserved international fame. Soon after, his plants were taken up and championed by such prima music directors as Leonard Bernstein. At his decease in 1954, he had witnessed a rise from obscureness to a place of unexcelled distinction among the universe & # 8217 ; s taking performing artists and musical establishments.
Swaffork, Jan. The Vintage Guide to Classical Music. & # 8220 ; Charles
Ives & # 8221 ; New York: Random House Inc. 1992.