?Corruption is defined as the abuse of any power of public effect for private addition. ?Corruption is non something new. as per Arthasastra of Kautilya ( around 3rd century B. C ) :
“Just as it is impossible non to savor the honey ( or the toxicant ) that finds itself at the tip of the lingua. so it is impossible for a authorities retainer non to eat up. atleast. a spot of the king’s gross. ” “Just as fish traveling under H2O can non perchance be found out either as imbibing or non drinking H2O. so authorities retainers employed in the authorities work can non be found out ( while ) taking money ( for themselves ) ”
Major Scams in India
1976 1981 1987 1987 1991 1991 1992 1992 1994 1995 1996 1996 1996 2000 2001 2002 2006 2009 2009 2010 2012
KUO OIL DEAL SCAM ANTHULAY TRUST ( PAY OFF ) HDW COMMISSION BOFORS SCAM TELGI SCAM JMM BRIBE SECURITY SCAM ( HARSHAD MEHTA ) INDIAN BANK RIP – OFF SUGAR IMPORT BHANSALI SCAM FODDER SCAM HAWALA SCAM UREA DEAL UTI SCAM MUTUAL FUND SCAM HOME TRADE SCAM IPO SCAM MADHU KODA SCAM SATYAM SCAM THE 2G SCAM ( MOTHER OF ALL SCAMS ) COAL ALLOCATION SCAM TOTAL AMOUNT
Amount ( In crore )
2. 2 30 20 64 43000 0. 3 4000 1300 650 1200 950 810 233 32 1350 600 61 4000 24000 1. 76. 000 1. 85. 591 4. 43. 894
Consequence Of Corruption On Poor Brought Out By CMS-TII
•With particular focal point on BPL household’s 2008 study shows the undermentioned consequences. •About one tierce of the BPL households paid payoff in the last one twelvemonth for one or more of the 11 public services covered in the survey.
• This shows that even the poorest of the hapless are non spared in their targeted plans.
•The study shows that about 3. 4 % of people paid a payoff for a school instruction and 48 % in the instance of constabulary service. •4 % BPL families used contacts for PDS. school instruction & A ; electricity as they could non pay the payoff. •2 % of the people could non acquire the above services sine they could non pay the payoff or had no contacts.
Effectss Of Corruptness On The Poor
BREAK UP OF BRIBES PAID FOR 11 BASIS SERVICES IN MILLION
Servicess covered Public distribution system Hospital School instruction ( up to category XII ) Electricity Water supply National rural employment warrant strategy Land record / enrollment Forest Housing Banking Police Total for 11 basic services of BPL households Total payoff paid in an twelvemonth 450 870 120 1050 240 70 1240 240 1570 830 2150 8830
Beginning: TII-CMS India Corruption Study ( 2007 )
CPI – Corruption Perceptions Index-2012
? As per the information for the twelvemonth 2000. India was in the 69th rank with CPI mark of 2. 8.
?As per Ratan Tata “Corruption has become worse after liberalization…Prior to 1991. corruptness was in the signifier of allowing licences. Now. it’s replaced by the award of contracts and in altering the footings of contractual duties. ”
Beginning: Transparency International 2012 CPI mark.
CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2012
Beginning: Transparency International 2012
Corruptness Stifles Economic Advancement
Agents Role In the Licensing System •Corruption leads in decrease in
efficiency. •Corruption leads to wastage of public financess and Resources. ?Institutionalization of corruptness. •Most prevailing signifier of corruptness in India. Eg: Driving Licensing Procedure in most provinces. •Willingness to pay payoffs.
•Bounce back on the society.
Beginning: February 2. 2008-Economic & amp ; Political Weekly.
What Is The Root Cause Of Corruption?
•Traditional practise. •Government services being monopolistic in nature. •Lack of trans-parency. •Lack of efficient and review monitoring mechanism. •Issues with electoral procedure ( funding ) . • Corporate politician nexus- ( State Capture ) .
•Socio economic divide.
•Lack of effectual grudge redressal system.
Major Demands Of The Team Anna and Kejriwal
•All govt. retainers under the legal power ( Including PM ) . •Election and remotion be independent of the govt. governments. •CBI’s corruptness probe bureau shall be brought under the admin control. •Investigation process shall be in melody with the condemnable probe processs. •Setting up of lokayuktas.
•Provision for the citizen’s charter.
•Effective grudges redressal forum.
Earlier Motions Against Corruptness:
•1974 Navnirman motion of Gujarat. •Jayaprakash Narayan’s ( JP ) anti-corruption motion in Bihar of 1974-75 were both against corruptness. •Other motions: •Farmers motions. •Dalit motion. •Womens Movement. •Environmental Movements. •RTI Movement.
India Against Corruption Movement -How it Differed?
•Anna’s Image. •Political Vacuum at its extremum. •Media coverage. •In the first stage it seemed wholly detached from bing political constitution. •Second stage suggested a political option. •Pan Indian image.
•Gave a really rigorous dead line. •Proposed several usage full amendments. •His is a political battle backed by a moral battle. •Attracted the Youth. •Advantages of formation of a political party: •Other parties tend to take better campaigners. •Other parties tend to give more freedom to the lower degree workers. •Other parties tend to work more transparently. •Could be a failure in election. But politically success.
•Less characteristics to forestall corruptness prospectively. •Based on the premise that Lokpal will be full of honest and efficient people.
Lessons From Karnataka Lokayukta
Lessons learnt: ?Lokpal should hold the power of a condemnable tribunal. ?Selection of right campaigner. ?Including PM curates and MPs under the legal power of the measure. Recommendations by Hegde: ?Powers to implement recommendations of the Lokpal should be the authorization of Lokpal instead than the authorities. ?Lokpal to hold a separate constabulary force for probe.
?Lokpal to hold the administrative control over CBI’s corruptness probe squad. ?Making CVC answerable to Lokpal.
WAYS TO PREVENT CORRUPTION
•We need a complete inspection and repair ( holistic attack ) . •Bottom up attack will non work ( top functionaries are besides corrupt ) .
•We need a top down attack ( conveying all degrees of officers under the legal power of Lokpal ) . •Have faith in the citizens. Emphasis on decentralized the administration constructions. •Better wages. •Better subject ( answerability and other related facets ) .
•Better enlisting procedure ( importance of Attitude. Aptitude. Ethical motives ) . •Better mechanization ( Transparency and related facets ) . •Political will/commitment. •Social norms/values should alter. •Electoral reforms.
Question & A ; Answer Session