Juxtaposition is one of the many literary component used in accent of a construct or an thought. In the fresh Heart of Darkness. Joseph Conrad juxtaposes the motive of light and dark to stress the evil nowadays throughout the book. Through apposition. Conrad non merely emphasizes the darkness in Africa but besides intensifies the dark Black Marias of the Europeans. The major darkness in the novel is the land of Africa itself. When Marlow foremost makes his manner upstream with his crew. he describes the land of Africa as a dark topographic point. stating that the river was “an empty watercourse. a great silence. an impenetrable wood. The air was warm. midst. heavy. sulky. There was no joy in the glare of sunshine” ( 30 ) . He uses lightness words like “brilliance” and “sunshine” to escalate this darkness. Besides. Conrad even depicts Africa as the “heart of darkness” .
He says. “we penetrated deeper and deeper into the bosom of darkness. It was really quiet at that place. At dark sometimes the axial rotation of membranophones behind the drape of trees would run up the river and remain sustained faintly. as if hovering in the air high over our caputs. till the first interruption of day” ( 31 ) . Africa is full of darkness and it all happens at dark. before the Sun rises and brightens up the universe once more. “I looked around. and I don’t know why. but I assure you that ne’er. ne’er earlier. did this land. this river. this jungle. the really arch of this blaze sky. look to me so hopeless and so dark. so impenetrable to human idea. so remorseless to human weakness” ( 51 ) . describes Marlow. Here. the darkness is portrayed as somberness. non the darkness of immorality. Even the “blazing” sky looked hopeless.
By juxtaposing the words “blazing” and “dark” . Conrad emphasizes that the glum of the land defeated its bright and cheery sky. Through the usage of apposition. the darkness of the land of Africa is emphasized and intensified. Conrad besides uses apposition of the character of the comptroller to stress the darkness non merely in the Africans but besides in the Europeans. When Marlow meets the comptroller. he states “I met a white adult male. in such an unexpected elegance of outfit that in the first minute I took him for a kind of vision. I saw a high starched neckband. white turnups. a light alpaca jacket. white pants. a clear necktie. and varnished boots” ( 15 ) . Marlow describes the white comptroller as some sort of a miracle. The white adult male was elegant and had decent vesture among all the lunacy go oning around them.
However. from how Marlow describes what happened in the accountant’s office. this comptroller is non a sort adult male. Marlow histories that “when a trundle bed bed with a ill adult male was put in at that place. he exhibited a soft irritation. ‘The moans of this ill individual. ’ he said. ‘distract my attending. And without that it is highly hard to guard against clerical mistakes in this clime. ’” ( 15 ) . He complains about the deceasing ill adult male and how this adult male is deflecting him from his work. By juxtaposing the white European with his dark behaviour. Teodor josef konrad korzeniowski shows the evilness of worlds. Mr. Kurtz is a cryptic character in the novel. incorporating both the dark Satan and the existent Kurtz. The first description of Kurtz occurs in the portion where Marlow describes the mentality of a booklet. He says. “it was really simple. and at the terminal of that traveling entreaty to every selfless sentiment it blazed at you. aglow and terrorizing. like a flash of lightning in a calm sky: ‘Exterminate all the beasts! ’” ( 46 ) .
This is a description of the booklet Kurtz is composing for the “International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs” ( 45 ) . The first portion of the booklet. the portion written before Kurtz have gone huffy. is typed up with the usage of a typewriter. Then on the underside of the page. the words “Exterminate all the beasts! ” was scribbled on hastily. Even when Kurtz was on the brink of decease. he was populating immersed in darkness. “His was an impenetrable darkness. I looked at him as you peer down at a adult male who is lying at the underside of a precipice where the Sun ne’er shines” ( 64 ) . Conrad straight up uses the words “impenetrable darkness” to depict Kurtz. At the terminal of the quotation mark. he said “where the Sun ne’er shines” . The Sun is used to stress the darkness of Kurtz’s bosom because it ne’er shines. It was dark. it is dark. and will be dark unless a miracle occurs and causes the “sun” to reflect down in the “precipice” .
The character of Kurtz is likely the darkest character in the novel and this is shown by the apposition. Marlow. the frame storyteller. starts and ends his narrative by stating that the darkness isn’t merely in Africa. In the beginning of Marlow’s narrative. he talks about how we are populating in a changeless spark of elation among the darkness. By get downing the narrative with “Light came out of this river since – you say knights? Yes ; but it is like a running blazing on a field. like a flash of lightning in the clouds. We live in the spark – may it last every bit long as the old Earth keeps turn overing! But darkness was here yesterday” ( 3 ) . it can be seen and foreshadowed that there are darkness no affair where you go. This is even before he describes Africa. demoing that Africa isn’t the lone bosom of darkness. These “flickers” intensifies the darkness when it drapes over us.
The unidentified storyteller ends the novel by stating. “the offing was barred by a black bank of clouds. and the tranquil waterway taking to the extreme terminals of the Earth flowed somber under an cloudiness sky – seemed to take into the bosom of an huge darkness” ( 72 ) . After get downing out the narrative with a description of the darkness in the universe. the unidentified storyteller ends the novel with the descriptions of the darkness in Europe. This storyteller describes that there was a storm when the Nellie made its manner down the Thames River. non merely actual but besides metaphorical. The metaphorical storm reflects the darkness of the Black Marias of the Europeans. By utilizing visible radiation and bright words. Conrad intensifies the immorality and the desperation in the fresh Heart of Darkness. 2nd sentence. 3rd sentence.