History Of Nashville Tennessee Tourism Essay

Nashville is the capital of the U.S. province of Tennessee and the county place of Davidson County. It is located on the Cumberland River in Davidson County, in the north-central portion of the province. The metropolis is a centre for the wellness attention, music, publication, banking and transit industries, and is home to a big figure of colleges and universities.

Nashville has a consolidated city-county authorities which includes seven smaller municipalities in a two-tier system. The population of Nashville-Davidson County stood at 635,710 as of 2009, [ 1 ] harmonizing to United States Census Bureau estimates. This makes it the 2nd most thickly settled metropolis in the province after Memphis. However, the 2009 population of the full 13-county Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area was 1,582,264, [ 3 ] doing it the largest metropolitan country in the province. The 2009 population of the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia combined statistical country was estimated at 1,666,566.

Chief article: History of Nashville, Tennessee

Nashville was founded by James Robertson, John Donelson, and a party of Wataugans in 1779, and was originally called Fort Nashborough, after the American Revolutionary War hero Francis Nash. Nashville rapidly grew because of its premier location, handiness as a river port, and its ulterior position as a major railway centre. In 1806, Nashville was incorporated as a metropolis and became the county place of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1843, the metropolis was named the lasting capital of the province of Tennessee.

Nashville riverfront shortly after the Civil War

By 1860, when the first rumbles of sezession began to be heard across the South, antebellum Nashville was a really comfortable metropolis. The metropolis ‘s significance as a transportation port made it a desirable award as a agency of commanding of import river and railway transit paths. In February 1862, Nashville became the first province capital to fall to Union military personnels. The Battle of Nashville ( December 15-16, 1864 ) was a important Union triumph and possibly the most decisive tactical triumph gained by either side in the war.

Though the Civil War left Nashville in desperate economic passs, the metropolis rapidly rebounded. [ commendation needed ] Within a few old ages, the metropolis had reclaimed its of import transportation and trading place and besides developed a solid fabrication base. The post-Civil War old ages of the late nineteenth century brought a newfound prosperity to Nashville. These healthy economic times left the metropolis with a bequest of expansive classical-style edifices, which can still be seen around the downtown country.

It was the coming of the Grand Ole Opry in 1925, combined with an already booming printing industry, that positioned it to go “ Music City USA ” . [ commendation needed ] , and in the early 1960s the metropolis was home to the chief activity of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement ( see History of Nashville, Tennessee ) . In 1963, Nashville consolidated its authorities with Davidson County and therefore became the first major metropolis in the United States to organize a metropolitan authorities. [ commendation needed ] Since the 1970s, the metropolis has experienced enormous growing, peculiarly during the economic roar of the 1990s under the leading of then-Mayor and later-Tennessee Governor, Phil Bredesen, who made urban renewal a precedence, and fostered the building or redevelopment of several metropolis landmarks, including the Country Music Hall of Fame, the Nashville Public Library business district, the Bridgestone Arena, and LP Field.

The Bridgestone Arena ( once Nashville Arena, Gaylord Entertainment Center, and Sommet Center ) was built as both a big concert installation and as an temptation to entice either a National Basketball Association or National Hockey League ( NHL ) athleticss franchise. [ commendation needed ] This was accomplished in 1997 when Nashville was awarded an NHL enlargement squad which was later named the Nashville Predators. LP Field ( once Adelphia Coliseum ) was built after the National Football League ‘s ( NFL ) Houston Oilers agreed to travel to the metropolis in 1995. The NFL debuted in Nashville in 1998 at Vanderbilt Stadium, and LP Field opened in the summer of 1999. The Oilers changed their name to the Tennessee Titans and saw a season culminate in the Music City Miracle and a close Super Bowl game that came down to the last drama.

Today the metropolis along the Cumberland River is a hamlets of American civilization, and one of the fastest-growing countries of the Upper South.

Nashville lies on the Cumberland River in the northwesterly part of the Nashville Basin. Nashville ‘s topography ranges from 385A pess ( 117 m ) above sea degree at the Cumberland River to 1,160A pess ( 350 m ) above sea degree at its highest point. [ 6 ]

Harmonizing to the United States Census Bureau, the metropolis has a entire country of 526.1A square stat mis ( 1,363 km2 ) , of which, 502.3A square stat mis ( 1,301 km2 ) of it is land and 23.9A square stat mis ( 62 km2 ) of it ( 4.53 % ) is H2O.

Nashville has a humid semitropical clime ( Koppen Cfa ) , [ 7 ] with by and large mild winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly norms range from 36.8A A°F ( 2.7A A°C ) in January to 79.1A A°F ( 26.2A A°C ) in July, with a diurnal temperature fluctuation of 17 to 23 A°F ( 9A to 13A A°C ) . In the winter months, snowfall does happen in Nashville but is normally non heavy. Average one-year snowfall is about 9A inches ( 23 centimeter ) , falling largely in January and February and on occasion March and December. [ 8 ] The largest snow event since 2000 was on January 16, 2003, when Nashville received 7A inches ( 18 centimeter ) of snow in a individual storm ; the largest on record was 17A inches ( 43 centimeter ) , received on March 17, 1892. [ 9 ] Rainfall is typically greater in winter and spring while fall is the driest. Spring and autumn are by and large cheerily warm but prone to severe electrical storms, which on occasion bring tornadoesA – with recent major events on April 16, 1998 ; April 7, 2006 ; February 5, 2008 ; April 10, 2009 ; and May 1-2, 2010. Relative humidness in Nashville norms 83 % in the forenoons and 60 % in the afternoons, [ 10 ] which is considered moderate for the Southeastern United States. [ 11 ] In recent decennaries, due to urban development, Nashville has developed an urban heat a island ( UHI ) ; particularly on cool, clear darks, temperatures are up to 10A A°F ( 5.6A A°C ) heater in the bosom of the metropolis than in rural outlying countries.

Nashville ‘s long springs and falls combined with a diverse array of trees and grasses can frequently do it uncomfortable for allergy sick persons. [ 12 ] In 2008, Nashville was ranked as the 18th-worst spring allergy metropolis in the U.S. by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. [ 13 ]

The coldest temperature of all time recorded in Nashville was a?’17A A°F ( a?’27A A°C ) on January 21, 1985, and the highest was 107A A°F ( 42A A°C ) on July 28, 1952. [ 14 ]

[ fell ] Climate informations for Nashville International Airport

Calendar month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high A°F ( A°C )

78

( 25.6 )

84

( 28.9 )

89

( 31.7 )

91

( 32.8 )

96

( 35.6 )

106

( 41.1 )

107

( 41.7 )

106

( 41.1 )

105

( 40.6 )

94

( 34.4 )

85

( 29.4 )

79

( 26.1 )

107

( 41.7 )

Average high A°F ( A°C )

45.6

( 7.56 )

51.4

( 10.78 )

60.7

( 15.94 )

69.8

( 21 )

77.5

( 25.28 )

85.1

( 29.5 )

88.7

( 31.5 )

87.8

( 31 )

81.5

( 27.5 )

71.1

( 21.72 )

59.0

( 15 )

49.4

( 9.67 )

69.0

( 20.56 )

Daily mean A°F ( A°C )

36.8

( 2.67 )

41.3

( 5.17 )

50.1

( 10.06 )

58.5

( 14.72 )

67.1

( 19.5 )

75.1

( 23.94 )

79.1

( 26.17 )

77.9

( 25.5 )

71.3

( 21.83 )

59.9

( 15.5 )

49.3

( 9.61 )

40.5

( 4.72 )

58.9

( 14.94 )

Average low A°F ( A°C )

27.9

( -2.28 )

31.2

( -0.44 )

39.4

( 4.11 )

47.1

( 8.39 )

56.7

( 13.72 )

65.0

( 18.33 )

69.5

( 20.83 )

68.0

( 20 )

61.0

( 16.11 )

48.6

( 9.22 )

39.5

( 4.17 )

31.5

( -0.28 )

48.8

( 9.33 )

Record low A°F ( A°C )

a?’17

( -27.2 )

a?’13

( -25 )

2

( -16.7 )

23

( -5 )

34

( 1.1 )

42

( 5.6 )

51

( 10.6 )

47

( 8.3 )

36

( 2.2 )

26

( -3.3 )

a?’1

( -18.3 )

a?’10

( -23.3 )

a?’17

( -27.2 )

Precipitation inches ( millimeter )

3.97

( 100.8 )

3.69

( 93.7 )

4.87

( 123.7 )

3.93

( 99.8 )

5.07

( 128.8 )

4.08

( 103.6 )

3.77

( 95.8 )

3.28

( 83.3 )

3.59

( 91.2 )

2.87

( 72.9 )

4.45

( 113 )

4.54

( 115.3 )

48.11

( 1,222 )

Snow inches ( centimeter )

3.9

( 9.9 )

3.4

( 8.6 )

1.1

( 2.8 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

0

( 0 )

.1

( 0.3 )

.5

( 1.3 )

9.1

( 23.1 )

Avg. precipitation yearss ( a‰? 0.01 in )

11.1

10.1

12.1

10.7

11.3

9.7

10.0

8.4

8.3

7.4

10.1

11.0

120.2

Avg. snowy yearss ( a‰? 0.1 in )

2.6

2.4

.8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

.2

1.0

7.1

Sunlight hours

139.5

146.9

192.2

231.0

260.4

279.0

279.0

263.5

225.0

217.0

147.0

130.2

2,510.7

Beginning: NOAA ; [ 8 ] Weather.com ( records ) ; [ 15 ] Hong Kong Observatory ( sunshine hours ) [ 16 ]

[ edit ] Cityscape

Downtown Nashville

See besides: List of tallest edifices in Nashville

The downtown country of Nashville features a diverse mixture of amusement, dining, cultural and architectural attractive forces. The Broadway and 2nd Avenue countries feature amusement locales, dark nines and an mixture of eating houses. North of Broadway lies Nashville ‘s cardinal concern territory, Legislative Plaza, Capitol Hill and the Tennessee Bicentennial Mall. Cultural and architectural attractive forces can be found throughout the metropolis.

The downtown country of Nashville is easy accessible. Three major interstate main roads ( I-40, I-65 and I-24 ) converge near the nucleus country of business district, and many regional metropoliss are within a twenty-four hours ‘s drive distance.

Nashville ‘s first skyscraper, the Life & A ; Casualty Tower, was completed in 1957 and started the building of high rises in downtown Nashville. After the building of the AT & A ; T Building ( normally known to locals as the “ Batman Building ” ) in 1994, the downtown country saw small building until the mid-2000s. Many new residential developments have been constructed or are planned for the assorted vicinities of business district and midtown. A new high rise office edifice, The Pinnacle, was late opened in 2010. [ 17 ]

Many civic and substructure undertakings are either being planned, in advancement, or late completed. A new MTA coach hub was late completed in business district Nashville, as was the Music City Star pilot undertaking. Several public Parkss have been constructed, such as the Public Square. Riverfront Park is scheduled to be extensively updated. The Music City Center, a convention centre undertaking, has been approved for the downtown country and is presently under building.

[ edit ] Parks and gardens

The Parthenon in Nashville ‘s Centennial Park is a all-out Reconstruction of the original Greek Parthenon.

Metro Board of Parks and Recreation owns and manages 10,200 estates ( 4,120 hour angle ) of land and 99 Parkss and greenbelts ( consisting more than 3 % of the entire country of the county ) .

Warner Parks, situated on 2,684 estates ( 1,086 hour angle ) of land, consist of a 5,000 square-foot ( 460 mA? ) acquisition centre, 20 stat mis ( 30A kilometer ) of scenic roads, 12 stat mis ( 19A kilometer ) of boosting trails, and 10 stat mis ( 16A kilometer ) of Equus caballus trails. It is besides the place of the one-year Iroquois Steeplechase.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers maintains Parkss on Old Hickory Lake and Percy Priest Lake. These Parkss are used for multiple activities including fishing, water-skiing, seafaring and yachting. Percy Priest Lake is besides place to the Vanderbilt Sailing Club.

Other noteworthy Parkss in Nashville include Centennial Park, Shelby Park, and Radnor Lake State Natural Area.

[ edit ] Metropolitan country

Chief article: Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area

Nashville has the largest metropolitan country in the province of Tennessee, crossing several counties. The Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area encompasses the Middle Tennessee counties of Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson. [ 18 ] The 2009 population of the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia combined statistical country was estimated at 1,666,566.

[ edit ] Culture

Much of the metropolis ‘s cultural life has revolved around its big university community. Particularly important in this regard were two groups of critics and authors who were associated with Vanderbilt University in the early 20th century: the Fugitives and the Agrarians.

Popular finishs include Fort Nashborough and Fort Negley, the former being a Reconstruction of the original colony, the latter being a semi-restored Civil War conflict garrison ; the Tennessee State Museum ; and The Parthenon, a all-out reproduction of the original Parthenon in Athens. The Tennessee State Capitol is one of the oldest working province capitol edifices in the state, while The Hermitage is one of the older presidential places open to the populace.

[ edit ] Entertainment and executing humanistic disciplines

Ryman Auditorium, the “ Mother Church of Country Music ”

Nashville has a vivacious music and amusement scene crossing a assortment of genres. The Tennessee Performing Arts Center is the major acting humanistic disciplines centre of the metropolis. It is the place of the Tennessee Repertory Theatre, the Nashville Opera, and Nashville Ballet. In September 2006, the Schermerhorn Symphony Center opened as the place of the Nashville Symphony Orchestra.

As the metropolis ‘s name itself is a metonym for the state music industry, many popular tourer sites involve state music, including the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, Belcourt Theatre, and Ryman Auditorium. Ryman was home to the Grand Ole Opry until 1974 when the show moved to the Grand Ole Opry House nine stat mis ( 14A kilometer ) E of business district. The Opry plays at that place several times a hebdomad, except for an one-year winter tally at the Ryman.

Numerous music nines and honky tonk bars can be found in business district Nashville, particularly the country embracing Lower Broadway, Second Avenue, and Printer ‘s Alley, which is frequently referred to as “ the District ” . [ 19 ] [ 20 ]

Each twelvemonth, the CMA Music Festival ( once known as Fan Fair ) brings 1000s of state fans to the metropolis.

Nashville was one time place of telecasting shows such as Hee Haw and Pop! Goes the Country, and to the Opryland USA subject park, which operated from 1972 to 1997 before being closed by its proprietors Gaylord Entertainment, and shortly after demolished to do room for the Opry Mills mega-shopping promenade.

The Christian dad and stone music industry is based along Nashville ‘s Music Row, with a great influence in neighbouring Williamson County. The Christian record companies include EMI Christian Music Group, Provident Label Group and Word Records.

Kirk Whalum sing the audience at a riverfront concert in 2007

Although Nashville was ne’er known as a wind town, it did hold many great wind sets, including The Nashville Jazz Machine led by Dave Converse and its current version, the Nashville Jazz Orchestra, led by Jim Williamson, every bit good as The Establishment, led by Billy Adair. The Francis Craig Orchestra entertained Nashvillians from 1929 to 1945 from the Oak Bar and Grille Room in the Hermitage Hotel. Craig ‘s orchestra was besides the first to air over local wireless station WSM-AM and enjoyed phenomenal success with a 12-year show on the NBC Radio Network. In the late thirtiess, he introduced a fledgling, Dinah Shore, a local alumnus of Hume Fogg High School and Vanderbilt University.

Radio station WMOT-FM in nearby Murfreesboro has aided significantly in the recent resurgence of the metropolis ‘s wind scene, as has the non-profit Nashville Jazz Workshop, which holds concerts and categories in a renovated edifice in the north Nashville vicinity of Germantown. Fisk University besides maintains a wind station.

Nashville has an active theater scene, holding several professional and community theater companies. Most noteworthy of the professional theaters are Nashville Children ‘s Theatre, Tennessee Repertory Theatre, and the Nashville Shakespeare Festival. Of the community theatres, Circle Players has been in operation for over 40 old ages.

[ edit ] Tourism

Possibly the biggest factor in pulling visitants to Nashville is its association with state music. Many visitants to Nashville go to unrecorded public presentations of the Grand Ole Opry, the universe ‘s longest running unrecorded wireless show. The Country Music Hall of Fame is another major attractive force associating to the popularity of state music. The Opryland Hotel, the Opry Mills regional shopping promenade and the General Jackson showboat, are all located in what is known as Music Valley.

Civil War history is of import to the metropolis ‘s touristry industry. Sites refering to the Battle of Nashville and the nearby Battle of Franklin and Battle of Stones River can be seen, along with several well-preserved antebellum plantation houses such as Belle Meade Plantation, Carnton plantation in Franklin, and Belmont Mansion. [ 21 ]

Nashville has several humanistic disciplines centres and museums, including the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art, the Tennessee State Museum, Fisk University ‘s Van Vechten and Aaron Douglas Galleries, Vanderbilt University ‘s Fine Art Gallery and Sarratt Gallery, and the Parthenon. The Nashville Zoo is one of the metropolis ‘s newer attractive forces.

[ edit ] Major one-year events

Event

Month Held and Location

Nashville Film Festival

Weeklong festival in April. It features 100s of independent movies and is one of the biggest movie festivals in the Southern United States.

Country Music Marathon

Marathon and half endurance contest which usually include over 25,000 smugglers from around the universe in April.

Iroquois Steeplechase

Annual steeplechase Equus caballus rushing event which takes topographic point in May at Percy Warner Park.

CMA Music Festival

A four twenty-four hours event in June having public presentations by state music stars, autograph sign languages, artist/fan interaction, and other activities for state music fans.

Fourth of July

Celebration which takes topographic point each twelvemonth at Riverfront Park.

Tomato Art Festival

Returns topographic point in East Nashville every August.

African Street Festival

Takes topographic point on the campus of Tennessee State University in September.

Tennessee State Fair

In September at the State Fairgrounds. The State Fair lasts nine yearss and includes drives, exhibits, rodeos, tractor pulls, and legion other shows and attractive forces.

Country Music Association Awards

Normally held in November at the Bridgestone Arena and televised nationally to 1000000s of viewing audiences.

Ice! and SNOW!

Normally held on December through early January at the Opryland Hotel. The Ice! plan characteristics ice sculuptures and more. Snow! includes snowball combat, doing snowmen, etc.

Sports

] Professional

LP Field

Nashville has many professional athleticss squads, most notably the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League and the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League. Several other pro athleticss squads besides call Nashville place, as does the NCAA college football Music City Bowl. Nashville is besides place to the Music City Motorplex, a NASCAR Whelen All-American Series racecourse.

Baseball club

Sport

League

Venue

Tennessee Colossuss

Football

National Football League

LP Field

Nashville Marauders

Field hockey

National Hockey League

Bridgestone Arena

Nashville Sounds

Baseball

Minor League Baseball: Pacific Coast League

Herschel Greer Stadium

Music City Stars

Basketball

American Basketball Association

Nashville Municipal Auditorium

Nashville Metros

Soccer

Premier Development League

Ezell Park

[ edit ] College

Nashville is besides place to four Division I athletic plans.

Plan

Division

Conference

Major locales

Vanderbilt Commodores

Division I ( FBS )

Southeast Conference

Vanderbilt Stadium ( football )

Memorial Gymnasium ( hoops )

Hawkynss Field ( baseball )

Tennessee State Lttes

Division I ( FCS )

Ohio Valley Conference

LP Field ( football )

Gentry Center ( hoops )

Belmont Bruins

Division I ( non-football )

Atlantic Sun Conference

Curb Event Center

Lipscomb Bisons

Division I ( non-football )

Atlantic Sun Conference

Allen Arena

[ edit ] Media

Chief article: Media in Nashville, Tennessee

Offices for The Tennessean

The day-to-day newspaper in Nashville is The Tennessean, which, until 1998, competed ferociously with the Nashville Banner, another day-to-day paper that was housed in the same edifice under a joint-operating understanding. The Tennessean is the metropoliss ‘ most widely circulated newspaper, while a smaller free daily called The City Paper portions the Nashville market. Online intelligence service NashvillePost.com competes with the printed dailies to interrupt local and province intelligence. Several hebdomadal documents are besides published in Nashville, including The Nashville Pride, Nashville Business Journal, Nashville Scene and The Tennessee Tribune. Historically, The Tennessean was associated with a loosely broad column policy, while The Banner carried stanchly conservative positions in its column pages ; The Banner ‘s heritage is carried on these yearss by The City Paper. The Nashville Scene is the country ‘s alternate hebdomadal circular. The Nashville Pride is aimed towards community development and serves Nashville ‘s entrepreneurial population.

Nashville is home to about a twelve broadcast telecasting Stationss, although most families are served by direct overseas telegram web connexions. Comcast Cable has a monopoly on tellurian overseas telegram service in Davidson County ( but non throughout the full media market ) . Nashville is ranked as the 29th largest telecasting market in the United States. [ 22 ]

Nashville is besides place to overseas telegram webs Country Music Television ( CMT ) , Great American Country ( GAC ) , and RFD-TV, among others. CMT ‘s Master Control installations are located in New York City with the other Viacom belongingss. The Top 20 Countdown and CMT Insider are taped in their Nashville studios. Nashville is besides the place and namesake of the NBC state music singing competition Nashville Star, which broadcasts from the Opryland composite. Shop at Home Network was one time based in Nashville, but the channel signed off in 2006.

Several twelve FM and AM wireless Stationss broadcast in the Nashville country, including five college Stationss and one LPFM community station. Nashville is ranked as the 44th largest wireless market in the United States. Nashville is home to WSM which originally stood for “ We Shield Millions ” . WSM-FM is owned by Cumulus Media and is 95.5 FM. WSM-AM, owned by Gaylord Entertainment Company, can be heard nationally on 650A am or online at WSM Online from its studios located inside the Gaylord Opryland Resort & A ; Convention Center. WSM is celebrated for transporting unrecorded broadcasts of the Grand Ole Opry, through which it helped distribute the popularity of state music in America, and continues to air state music throughout its broadcast twenty-four hours. WLAC, whose over-the-air signal is heard at 1510A am, is a Clear Channel-owned talk station which was originally sponsored by the Life and Casualty Insurance Company of Tennessee, and its rival WWTN is owned by Cumulus.

Nashville has a little but turning movie industry. [ commendation needed ] Several major gesture images have been filmed in Nashville, including The Green Mile, The Last Castle, Gummo, The Thing Called Love, Two Weeks, Coal Miner ‘s Daughter, Robert Altman ‘s Nashville, [ 23 ] [ 24 ] and Country Strong.

Economy

See besides: List of companies based in Nashville

As the “ place of state music ” , Nashville has become a major music recording and production centre. All of the Big Four record labels, every bit good as legion independent labels, have offices in Nashville, largely in the Music Row country. [ 25 ] Since the 1960s, Nashville has been the 2nd biggest music production centre ( after New York ) in the U.S. [ 26 ] As of 2006, Nashville ‘s music industry is estimated to hold a entire economic impact of $ 6.4A billion per twelvemonth and to lend 19,000 occupations to the Nashville country. [ 27 ]

Although Nashville is renowned as a music recording centre and tourer finish, its largest industry is really wellness attention. Nashville is place to more than 250 wellness attention companies, including Hospital Corporation of America, the largest private operator of infirmaries in the universe. As of 2006, it is estimated that the wellness attention industry contributes $ 18.3A billion per twelvemonth and 94,000 occupations to the Nashville-area economic system. [ 28 ] The automotive industry is besides going progressively of import for the full Middle Tennessee part. Nissan North America moved its corporate central office in 2006 from Gardena, California ( Los Angeles County ) to Franklin. Nissan besides has its largest North American fabrication works in Smyrna, Tennessee. Largely as a consequence of the increased development of Nissan and other Nipponese economic involvements in the part, Japan moved its New Orleans Consulate-general to Nashville ‘s Palmer Plaza.

Other major industries in Nashville include insurance, finance, and publication ( particularly spiritual publication ) . The metropolis hosts central offices operations for several Protestant denominations, including the United Methodist Church, Southern Baptist Convention, National Baptist Convention, and the National Association of Free Will Baptists.

Fortune 500 companies within Nashville include Dell, [ 29 ] HCA Inc. ( once, Hospital Corporation of America ) and Dollar General Corporation ( in Goodlettsville ) .

[ edit ] Top Employers

Harmonizing to the City ‘s 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [ 30 ] the top employers in the metropolis are:

#

Employer

# of Employees

1

Vanderbilt University and Medical Center

24,858

2

State of Tennessee

20,800

3

Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County

and Public Schools

19,692

4

U.S. Government

11,271

5

HCA

8,700

6

Saint Thomas Health Servicess

7,200

7

Nissan North America

6,750

8

Wal-Mart

4,500

9

Cracker Barrel Old Country Store

4,017

10

Shoney ‘s

4,000

[ edit ] Demographics

See besides: List of people from Nashville, Tennessee

Historical populations

Census

Pop.

% A±

1830

5,566

1840

6,929

24.5 %

1850

10,165

46.7 %

1860

16,988

67.1 %

1870

25,865

52.3 %

1880

43,350

67.6 %

1890

76,168

75.7 %

1900

80,865

6.2 %

1910

110,364

36.5 %

1920

118,342

7.2 %

1930

153,866

30.0 %

1940

167,402

8.8 %

1950

174,307

4.1 %

1960

170,874

a?’2.0 %

1970

448,003

162.2 %

1980

455,651

1.7 %

1990

488,374

7.2 %

2000

545,524

11.7 %

Beginning: U.S. Census [ 31 ] [ 32 ]

Harmonizing to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, the racial composing of Nashville-Davidson County was as follows: [ 33 ]

White: 65.9 % ( Non-Hispanic White persons: 60.9 % )

Black or African American: 27.1 %

Native American: 0.4 %

Asiatic: 3.1 %

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1 %

Other race: 2.3 %

Two or more races: 1.2 %

Latino or Latino ( of any race ) : 7.5 %

The information below is for all of Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County, including other integrated metropoliss within the amalgamate city-county ( such as Belle Meade and Berry Hill ) . See Nashville-Davidson ( balance ) for demographic informations on Nashville-Davidson County excepting individually incorporated metropoliss.

Population denseness map per 2000 nose count

As of the nose count of 2000, there were 569,891 people, 237,405 families, and 138,169 households shacking in the metropolis. The population denseness was 1,134.6 people per square stat mi ( 438.1/kmA? ) . There were 252,977 lodging units at an mean denseness of 503.7/sqA myocardial infarction ( 194.5/kmA? ) . The racial make-up of the metropolis was 66.99 % White, 25.92 % African American, 0.29 % Native American, 2.33 % Asiatic, 0.07 % Pacific Islander, 2.42 % from other races and 1.97 % from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.58 % of the population. Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County ‘s estimated population for 2007 is 626,144 people. [ 1 ]

There were 237,405 families out of which 26.7 % had kids under the age of 18 life with them, 39.9 % were married twosomes populating together, 14.3 % had a female homeowner with no hubby nowadays, and 41.8 % were non-families. 33.4 % of all families were made up of persons and 8.2 % had person populating entirely who was 65 old ages of age or older. The mean family size was 2.30 and the mean household size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 22.2 % under 18, 11.6 % from 18 to 24, 34.0 % from 25 to 44, 21.1 % from 45 to 64, and 11.1 % who were 65 or older. The average age was 34 old ages. For every 100 females at that place were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The average income for a family in the metropolis was $ 39,797, and the average income for a household was $ 49,317. Males had a average income of $ 33,844 versus $ 27,770 for females. The per capita income for the metropolis was $ 23,069. About 10.0 % of households and 13.0 % of the population were below the poorness line, including 19.1 % of those under age 18 and 10.5 % of those age 65 or over.

Because of its comparatively low cost of life and big occupation market, Nashville has become a popular metropolis for immigrants. [ 34 ] Nashville ‘s nonnative population more than tripled in size between 1990 and 2000, increasing from 12,662 to 39,596. Large groups of Mexicans, Kurds, [ 35 ] Vietnamese, Laotians, Cambodians, Arabs, and Bantus call Nashville place, among other groups. [ 36 ] Nashville has the largest Kurdish community in the United States, totaling about 11,000. [ 37 ] About 60,000 Bhutanese refugees are being admitted to the U.S. and some of them will resettle in Nashville. [ 38 ] During the Iraqi election of 2005, Nashville was one of the few international locations where Iraqi expatriates could vote. [ 39 ] The American Jewish community in Nashville day of the months back over 150 old ages, [ 40 ] and Numberss about 6,500 ( 2001 ) .

[ edit ] Law and authorities

See besides: List of city managers of Nashville, TennesseeA and Metropolitan Council ( Nashville )

The State Capitol in Nashville

The City of Nashville and Davidson County merged in 1963 as a manner for Nashville to battle the jobs of urban conurbation. The combined entity is officially known as “ the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County ” , and is popularly known as “ Metro Nashville ” or merely “ Metro ” . It offers services such as constabularies, fire, electricity, H2O and sewerage intervention. When the Metro authorities was formed in 1963, the authorities was split into two service districts-the “ urban services territory ” and the “ general services territory. ” The urban services territory encompasses the 1963 boundaries of the former City of Nashville, and the general services territory includes the balance of Davidson County. There are seven smaller municipalities within the amalgamate city-county: Belle Meade, Berry Hill, Forest Hills, Lakewood, Oak Hill, Goodlettsville ( partly ) , and Ridgetop ( partly ) . These municipalities use a two-tier system of authorities, with the smaller municipality typically supplying constabulary services and the Metro Nashville authorities supplying most other services. In 2010, Lakewood electors passed a referendum ( by one ballot ) to fade out its metropolis charter and fall in the metropolitan authorities. [ 41 ]

Nashville is governed by a city manager, vice-mayor, and 40-member Metropolitan Council. It uses the strong-mayor signifier of the mayor-council system. [ 42 ] The current city manager of Nashville is Karl Dean. The Metropolitan Council is the legislative organic structure of authorities for Nashville and Davidson County. There are 5 council members who are elected at big and 35 council members that represent single territories. The Metro Council has regular meetings that are presided over by the vice-mayor, who is presently Diane Neighbors. The Metro Council meets on the first and 3rd Tuesday of each month at 6:00A autopsy, harmonizing to the Metropolitan Charter.

[ edit ] Politicss

Nashville has been a Democratic fastness since at least the terminal of Reconstruction. While local elections are officially nonpartizan, about all of the metropolis ‘s elected functionaries are known to be Democrats. At the province degree, Democrats hold all but one of the metropolis ‘s province house territories and all but one of the metropolis ‘s province senate territories.

Democrats are no less dominant at the federal degree. Over the past 100 old ages, Democratic presidential campaigners have carried Nashville/Davidson County in 4 out of 5 elections. Normally, Democrats carry Nashville at the presidential degree with comparatively small trouble. In the 2000 presidential election, Al Gore carried Nashville with over 59 % of the ballot even as he narrowly lost his place province. In the 2004 election, John Kerry carried Nashville with 55 % of the ballot even as George W. Bush won the province by 14 points. In 2008, Barack Obama carried Nashville with 60 per centum of the ballot even as John McCain won Tennessee by 15 points.

At the federal degree, Nashville is split between two congressional territories. About all of the metropolis is in the fifth District, presently represented by Democrat Jim Cooper. A Republican has non represented a important part of Nashville since 1874. While Republicans made a few spirited challenges in the mid-1960s and early 1970s, they have non made a serious command for the territory since 1972, when the Republican campaigner gained merely 38 % of the ballot even as Nixon carried the territory in the presidential election by a big border. The territory ‘s best-known congresswoman was likely Jo Byrns, who represented the territory from 1909 to 1936 and was Speaker of the House for much of Franklin Roosevelt ‘s first term as President. Another nationally outstanding congresswoman from Nashville was Percy Priest, who represented the territory from 1941 to 1956 and was House Majority Whip from 1949 to 1953. Former city managers Richard Fulton and Bill Boner besides sat in the U.S. House before presuming the Metro mayoral office.

All of Nashville was located in a individual territory for most of the clip from Reconstruction until the 2000 Census, when a little part of southwesterly Nashville was drawn into the to a great extent Republican 7th District. That territory is presently represented by Marsha Blackburn of neighbouring Williamson County ; Blackburn represented much of the Nashville portion of the 7th in the province senate from 1998 to 2002.

Education

] Public Schools

The metropolis is served by the Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools.

Private Schools

David Lipscomb Campus School

Davidson Academy

Donelson Christian Academy

Ensworth School

Ezell-Harding Christian School

Franklin Road Academy

Father Ryan

Goodpasture Christian School

Harpeth Hall School

Madison Academy

Montgomery Bell Academy

Nashville Christian School

St. Cecilia Academy

University School of Nashville

[ edit ] Colleges and Universities

Freeman Hall at Belmont University

Nashville is frequently labeled the “ Athens of the South ” due to the many colleges and universities in the metropolis and metropolitan country. [ 43 ] The colleges and universities in Nashville include American Baptist College, Aquinas College, The Art Institute of Tennessee – Nashville, Belmont University, Daymar Institute, Fisk University, Free Will Baptist Bible College, Gupton College, International Academy of Design and Technology, Lipscomb University, Meharry Medical College, Nashville School of Law, Nashville Auto Diesel College [ 44 ] ( a NAFTC Training Center ) , Nashville State Community College, Strayer University, Tennessee State University, Trevecca Nazarene University, University of Phoenix, Vanderbilt University, and Watkins College of Art, Design & A ; Film.

Within 30A stat mis ( 48 kilometer ) of Nashville in Murfreesboro is Middle Tennessee State University ( MTSU ) , a full-sized public university with Tennessee ‘s largest undergraduate population. Registration in post-secondary instruction in Nashville is about 43,000. Within the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area-which includes MTSU, Cumberland University ( Lebanon ) , Volunteer State Community College ( Gallatin ) , Daymar Institute, and O’More College of Design ( Franklin ) -total registration exceeds 74,000. Within a 40A stat mis ( 64 kilometer ) radius are Austin Peay State University ( Clarksville ) and Columbia State Community College ( Columbia ) , inscribing an extra 13,600.

Transportation system

A Music City Star commuter train beneath the Shelby Street Bridge

Nashville is centrally located at the hamlets of three Interstate Highways: I-40, I-24, and I-65. Interstate 440 is a beltway path linking I-40, I-65, and I-24 South of business district Nashville. Briley Parkway connects the north side of the metropolis and its interstates.

The Metropolitan Transit Authority provides bus theodolite within the metropolis, out of a freshly built hub station business district. Routes utilize a hub and spoke method. Expansion programs include usage of Bus rapid theodolite for new paths, with the possibility for local rail service at some point in the hereafter.

Nashville is considered a gateway metropolis for rail and air traffic for the Piedmont Atlantic MegaRegion. [ 45 ]

The metropolis is served by Nashville International Airport, which was a hub for American Airlines between 1986 and 1995 and is now a mini-hub for Southwest Airlines.

Although it is a major rail hub, with a big CSX Transportation freight rail pace, Nashville is one of the largest metropoliss in the U.S. non served by Amtrak.

Nashville launched a rider commuter rail system called the Music City Star on September 18, 2006. The merely presently operational leg of the system connects the metropolis of Lebanon to downtown Nashville at the Nashville Riverfront. Legs to Murfreesboro and Gallatin are presently in the feasibleness survey phase. The system program includes seven legs linking Nashville to environing suburbs.

Noteworthy Bridgess in the metropolis are:

Official Name

Other Name callings

Length

Date Opened

Gateway Bridge

Korean War Veterans Memorial Bridge

1,660A pess ( 510 m )

May 19, 2004

Kelly Miller Smith Bridge

Jefferson Street Bridge

March 2, 1994

Old Hickory Bridge

1929

Martin Luther King Jr. Bridge

Bordeaux Bridge

September 18, 1980

Shelby Street Bridge

Shelby Avenue Bridge

3,150A pess ( 960 m )

July 5, 1909

Silliman Evans Bridge

2,362A pess ( 720 m )

1963

Victory Memorial Bridge

July 2, 1956

William Goodwin Bridge

Hobson Pike Bridge

2,215A pess ( 675 m )

Woodland Street Bridge

639A pess ( 195 m )

[ edit ] Nicknames

Nashville is a colourful, well-known metropolis in several different spheres. As such, it has earned assorted nicknames, including:

Music City, USA: WSM-AM announcer David Cobb foremost used this name during a 1950 broadcast and it stuck. It is now the functionary moniker used by the Nashville Convention and Visitors Bureau. Nashville is the place of the Grand Ole Opry, the Country Music Hall of Fame, and many major record labels. [ 46 ] This name besides dates back to 1874, where after having and hearing a public presentation by the Fisk Jubilee Singers, Queen Victoria of England is reported as stating that “ These immature people must certainly come from a musical metropolis. “ [ 47 ]

Athinais of the South: Home to 24 post-secondary educational establishments, Nashville has long been compared to the ancient metropolis of acquisition, site of Plato ‘s Academy. Since 1897, a all-out reproduction of the Athenian Parthenon has stood in Nashville, and many illustrations of classical and neoclassical architecture can be found in the metropolis. [ 48 ]

The Protestant Vatican [ 49 ] or The Buckle of the Bible Belt: Nashville has over 700 churches, [ 50 ] several seminaries, a figure of Christian music companies, and is the central office for the publication weaponries of both the Southern Baptist Convention ( LifeWay Christian Resources ) and the United Methodist Church ( United Methodist Publishing House ) . It is besides the place of the National Baptist Convention, USA, the National Association of Free Will Baptists, the Gideons International, the Gospel Music Association, and Thomas Nelson, the universe ‘s largest manufacturer of Bibles. [ 51 ]

Cashville: Nashville native Young Buck released a really successful blame album called Straight Outta Ca $ hville that has popularized the moniker among a new coevals. [ 52 ]

Small Kurdistan: Nashville has the United States ‘ largest population of Kurdish people, estimated to be about 11,000. [ 37 ] [ 39 ]

Nash Vegas or Nashvegas [ 53 ]