a ) How many cookies can Kristen bring forth ( with roommate’s aid ) in a 4-hour period from start to complete? B ) How many cookies can Kristen bring forth ( without roommate’s aid ) in a 4-hour period from start to complete? three ) At the minute. Kristen is unsure how much demand there will be for cookies in the hereafter. What will she necessitate to alter in the procedure. if anything. if the demand is: a ) 15 twelve per dark? Nothing will necessitate to be changed in the procedure because Kristen and her roomie are capable of bring forthing 24 tonss per dark. B ) 20 twelve per dark?
Nothing will necessitate to be changed in the procedure because Kristen and her roomie are capable of bring forthing 24 tonss per dark. degree Celsius ) 25 twelve per dark? The constriction in the procedure. which is the clip required to bake the cookies. will necessitate to alter ( lessening ) in order to carry through a demand of 25 twelve cookies per dark. Currently. Kristen and her roomie have one oven which can bake one twelve ( one tray ) cookies in 10 proceedingss. If Kristen and her roomie were to buy a 2nd oven. this 10 minute constriction in the procedure could potentially be reduced to a 5 minute procedure undertaking.
This would do the commixture of ingredients the constriction. which is a 6 minute undertaking. Due to the constriction switching to another shorter undertaking due to the original bottleneck’s undertaking clip diminishing. the max rate of production will besides increase as shown below: vitamin D ) 30 twelve per dark? The reply is the same as portion c. vitamin E ) 35 twelve per dark? The reply is the same as portion c. four ) It is halfway through the first dark of concern with a apparatus as described in the instance. A first-come-first-serve order comes in that wants the cookies in 30 proceedingss.
Make you accept the order? Yes or no. Explain how you decided. Assuming Kristen and her roomie are working on a old order when the haste order is received. the haste order would merely be accepted if it had been received at 11 proceedingss into the order prior to the haste order and 24 proceedingss into the order prior to the haste order. This is shown visually below: Figure 3: Resource Use For Rush Order Received 11 Minutes Into Prior Order Figure 4: Resource Use For Rush Order Received 24 Minutes Into Prior Order
These diagrams show that every bit long as the haste order is received between these times in the anterior orders workflow. there will be no resource struggles and the haste order can be successfully completed. If the rush-order was received prior to that stretch of clip. there will be resource struggles or drawn-out wait-times as shown in the figures below: Figure 5: Resource Conflict For Rush Order Received Earlier Than 11 Minutes Into Prior Order Figure 6: Resource Conflict For Rush Order Received Subsequently Than 24 Minutes Into Prior Order
In order to extenuate the resource struggles caused by accepting an order earlier than 11 proceedingss or later than 24 proceedingss into the old order. delay times would necessitate to be introduced in order to let the resource to finish a undertaking for one order and so execute the undertaking for the haste order. This would present inefficiency into the procedure and most likely impact reception of future orders. V ) We need to see concern scheme: will the procedure capacity be higher if Kristen offers merely non-customized cookies of one type? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this alternate scheme compared to what Kristen now plans?
The procedure capacity will non alter in the short term if Kristen offers merely non-customized cookies. The instance survey makes it clear that the procedure that Kristen follows requires specific sums of clip to be spent at each measure. However. in the long term. Kristen’s capacity will increase as she becomes more expert at doing the one type of cooky she has elected to do. This will cut down the clip required at some of the procedure stairss ( but non needfully all ) and finally increase the end product capacity her and her roomie are able to accomplish.
Professionals of non-customized cookies: Time spent shopping will be reduced. as will overall variableness in monetary value of ingredients. Kristen and her roomie will go more efficient due to standardisation They will go much better at doing one type of cooky instead than many ; entire flow clip will finally diminish from 27 proceedingss. Bottleneck will non diminish due to increased efficiency because cookery clip is set. However. clip exhausted commixture may increase as might the clip spent having the order. boxing the cookies. etc.
As cooky quality additions due to standardisation. demand will increase. Assuming more resources are non brought in. supply will probably remain the same. This will let Kristen to increase the monetary value for her cookies. Cons of non-customized cookies: Less assortment will do Kristen to put herself into a niche market. Some clients may non wish the cookies Kristen bakes ; others may hold allergic reactions. etc. Initial net incomes may non be every bit high as they would be if Kristen were to sell multiple types of cookies.