Struggle With Pain Essay, Research Paper
Struggle with hurting in growing-up
J.D. Salinger is one of the most important post-World War II American novelists, when he published his. The Catcher in the Rye ten in 1951, he gained instantly a great repute, particularly among younger intellectuals. Shortly after the publication, the book becomes assigned reading for a bulk of high school and college English class, which proves his success in another manner. Holden Caufield, the supporter in the Catcher in the Rye, became the typical representative of great many immature Americans striplings.
The writer himself has a legend life. J.D Salinger was born in 1919 to a rich household in New York City. He attended both public and private schools in Manhattan, and after that, he studied in a military academy in Pennsylvania as a want of his male parent. But immature Salinger had small involvement in it, alternatively, he was really interested in composing. After graduation from the military academy, he took a short-story class at Columbia University. It was at that place that he succeeded in printing his first short narrative in Story magazine. During the World War II, his calling as a author was interrupted. He was drafted into the Army. But the immature Salinger ne’er stopped composing. It was said that he wrote all the clip, in hotel suites during weekends, in collapsible shelters by torch and even in the fox holes. After returning from service in the Army, Salinger resumed to compose. He devoted himself wholly to composing, alternatively of being a man of affairs what his male parent expected him to be. In 1948, he wrote. A Perfect Day for Bananafish x, the tail of the self-destruction of a desperate war veteran. In 1950, .For Esme with Love and Squalor x, which describes an American soldier s encounter with two British kids. In 1951, the greatest work.The Catcher in the Rye x. In entire, Salinger published 35 short narratives, which consequences in 3 books eventually.
J.D Salinger, like Holden Caufield and other characters in his books, can non accommodate himself to the existent society. When he became celebrated, he moved off New York to concealing from the populace. He lives in a modest place in rural New Hampshire. He planted a fencing of trees around his house to conceal from public position. He keeps composing but merely take non to print. He says it is.vicious, barbarous thing. ten He has been in expatriate for more than 40 old ages, he is indulged in cryptic eastern Buddhist. It is clear that the writer himself has trouble in confronting the hypocrite, mercenary society, and wants to be left entirely, insulating himself.
In Salinger s Hagiographas, striplings are ever defined as guiltless and honest, the outside universe as hypocrite and mercenary. The supporters in his plants are frequently intelligent, sensitive and really cognizant striplings or grownups. They want to happen themselves a right topographic point in the society, but the evil and ugly universe ever disappoint and endanger them, which made them really sad. They feel hard in accepting the loss of artlessness. The struggles between two sides result in painfulness in the growing-up. The supporters in his Hagiographas either flight from the outside universe through lunacy or self-destruction, or reach assorted phases of hopeful & # 8212 ; -painful development.
In the undermentioned chapters, I would wish to discourse the Salinger s masterpiece.The Catcher in the Rye x. We will see the painful passage of the supporter from kid to adult. The novel tells a apparently simple narrative of a 16-year-old male child, Holden Caulfield. He comes from a quite wealth household, and has attended several private preparatory schools, but has been expelled from all of them. In the beginning of the book he has been kicked out of Pencey Prep because he fails in most classs. He does non desire to state his parents yet, so he decides non to travel place before his parents receive the awful intelligence. Alternatively, he spends 3 yearss at a hotel, in New York. The whole narrative is about Holden s three yearss in New York where he wants to seek for some unphony things and people. He met many different people, merely to happen dissemblers and prevaricators everyplace. Finally, he goes place to see his small sister Phoebe, a echt and angel-like kid. She helps him happen the bravery to populate on in this corrupted grownup universe. I will discourse the process of Holden Caufield s passage from artlessness to see. The treatment is divided into three parts. In chapter one, I will discourse Holden s pure, echt head. The chapter two will concentrate on his fright of the loss of the artlessness. In the last chapter, chapter three, he begins to larn and accept the bogus universe to a certain grade. Through the treatment in the three chapters, I hope to show a clear process of the passage in Holden s head.
Through guiltless and naif eyes, kids frequently see the universe as an unfastened resort area that is full of merriment and laughter. But all kids must turn up. They are bound to expose themselves to the hocus-pocus and fraudulence of the outside universe. During this period, many begin to savor the bitter of the life and lose their artlessness. It is truly a hard period for them in their whole life. They begin to larn self-importance and philistinism, which will be bit by bit commanding their lives. In this hard procedure of accepting the universe s immoralities and larning to link with others, kids frequently become baffled and happen it hard to travel on. This leads to a common tendency of hopelessness and emotional hurting as kids struggle to happen their topographic point in the wold and connect with their environment.
Holden Caufield sees the grownup universe in a misanthropic and contemptuous manner. In the first chapters of the novel, he talks about Mr. Ossenburger, who is a alleged successful adult male in the society. He boasts himself a loyal truster in God. But really he is a position seeking and mealymouthed individual. He gave a batch of money to Pencey, and in return, he got the residence hall named after his name, which would convey him a good celebrity. From here we can see his intent of contribution is non pure. In Holden s eyes, grownup people ever mask their true feelings and purposes with a sugar coating of bogus smilings and that makes him baffled. He can non understand the adults actions. He merely experience it amusing when he compares to his ain behaviours. His idea about the universe is wholly different from the idea of the grownups. From here we can see, it is the root of the hurting in his growing-up. Therefore, he misses his childhood and attempts to seek oasis from the hypocrite grownup universe. He ever memorizes himself and his siblings as kids, at that clip life were simple, distinct and straightforward. In one such remembrance, Holden negotiations about his brother D.B.
. He used to be merely a regular author, when he home. He wrote this terrific book of short narratives. The Secret Goldfish, in instance you ne’er heard of him. The best 1 in it was.The Secret Goldfish. x It was about this small child that wouldn t Lashkar-e-Taiba anybody look at his Carassius auratus because he d bought it with his ain money. It killed me. Now he s out in Hollywood, D.B. , being a cocotte. If it s one thing that I hate, it s the films. ten ( The Catcher In The Rye, 2 )
It is clear that Holden positions phoniness with great antipathy. Before, D.B. merely wrote simple, straightforward and sincere kids narratives. But now, in Holden s idea, D.B. has.sold out x his composing endowment to the media, being a.prostitute ten in Hollywood. In a really existent sense, Holden is experiencing profoundly regretful for D.B. s loss of artlessness. Therefore, Holden shows his hatred for the phoniness of Hollywood.
To Holden, kids are beautiful animals that are honorable and sincere. Without any secret motivates. They reach their ends in a really trusting and direct manner. Unlike grownups, kids are able to make this because they do non experience threatened by the universe, and therefore wear t conceal their true feelings and emotions. But, Holden, as a sixteen-year-old stripling, is confronting and come ining the grownup universe measure by measure. The influence or the force per unit areas from the grownup universe are heavier and heavier on him. It bit by bit forces the pureness out of Holden s head. To fight against this influence, Holden does some pathetic actions, which seems harmful to others. But really, Holden cherishes the qualities of pureness and sensitiveness and he dreams of staying it, he tells his feeling to his small sister Five:
.I maintain image all these small childs playing some in this large field of rye and all. Thousands of small childs, and cipher is around & # 8212 ; – cipher large. I mean C except me. And I m standing on the border of some brainsick drop. What I have to make, I have to catch everybody if they start to travel over the cliff C I mean if they re running and they don t expression where they re traveling I have to come out from someplace and catch them. That s all I d do all twenty-four hours. I d merely be the Catcher in the Rye and all. I know it s brainsick, but that s the lone thing I d truly like to be. x ( Catcher,173 )
By stating that he wants to catch all the kids that are running and non looking where they re traveling. He wants to salvage all the small kids from the bogus behaviour of the grownups in the universe. He wants to forestall the kids from doing the error of going hypocrite.
Holden is pulled apart by two ruling forces in his life. One pulls him into adulthood, pressing him to turn up and go forth behind both his artlessness and childhood, while the other keeps him in his yesteryear. For any human being, it is impossible to acquire these two things coincident. On one manus, Holden s involvement in adult female shows he is desired to mature. Through the whole narrative, he is attracted by all sorts of misss and adult females, Sunny the cocotte, his old friend Sally, and besides has feelings for Jane even though they are far from ideal in his head. Yet, on the other manus, he is desired to forestall kids from come ining the phoniness of society. This is evident as he walks through the halls of Phoebe s school:
. I went down by a different stairway, and I saw anther.Fuck you x on the wall. I tried to rub it off with my manus once more, but this one was scratched on, with a knife or something. It wouldn t come off. It s hopeless, anyhow. If you had a million old ages to make it in, you couldn t hang-up out even half the.Fuck you x marks in the universe. It s impossible. ten ( Catcher, 202 )
He realizes that his efforts to rub the words off is conceited, but is still really concerned that Phoebe or other kids will see them and inquire about their significance. He is afraid that Phoebe will lose a portion of her artlessness when she knows the existent significance.
From there we can see Holden became more tolerant and less judgmental.
When Holden finds it hard to accommodate himself to the outside universe, he ever put himself in the memory of his darling small brother Allie. Allie ne’er have a opportunity to come in the grownup universe because he passed off from leukaemia at 10. ( Ten seems to be the watershed for childhood and maturity, and we have known Phoebe is besides 10 old ages old and in her best clip. ) So he ( Allie ) represents all that is echt and non bogus. We can see how Holden negotiations about his brother:
.He was two old ages younger than I was, but he was approximately 50 times as intelligent. He was wonderfully intelligent. His instructors were ever composing letters to my female parent, stating her what a pleasance it was holding a male child like Allie in their category & # 8230 ; He was besides nicest, in tonss of ways. He ne’er got huffy at and organic structure. ten ( Catcher,38 )
From this we come to cognize that Allie remains a forever-perfect image in Holden s head. He is a symbol of childhood artlessness.
. I slept in the garage the dark he died, and I broke all the goddamn windows with my fist, merely for the snake pit of it. I even tried to interrupt all the Windowss on the station waggon we had that summer, but my manus was already broken and everything by that clip, and I couldn t do it. It was a stupid thing to make, I ll admit, but I barely didn t even know I was making it, and you didn Ts know Allie. ten ( Catcher, 39 )
To Holden the universe that dark all of a sudden became an evil topographic point where Allie died of leukaemia for no apprehensible ground. He can t understand this.
He is afraid, baffled and indignations at the unfairness and unfairness of the universe.
He shows his love and recollection of his small brother by transporting Allie s old baseball hand with him wheresoever he goes. Allie has became a symbol of artlessness and pureness:
. One thing I like a batch, you mean? I asked [ Phoebe ] , You like a batch All right, I said. But the problem was, I couldn t dressed ore. You can t even think of one thing. Yes, I can. Yes, I can. Well, do it so. I like Allie, I said, And I like making what I m making what I m making right now. Siting here with you, speaking, and believing about material, and- Allie s dead- You ever say that! If person s dead and everything, and in Eden, them it isn t really- I know he s dead! Don t you think I know that I can still wish him, though, can t I? Merely because person s dead, you don t merely halt wishing them, for God s sake- particularly if they were about a 1000 times nicer than the people you know that re alive and all. ten ( Catcher, 171 )
Holden holds his position of Allie. Because through decease, Allie did stay everlastingly in the field of rye Holden tries to protect. As an stripling, Holden is trusting to stay in his field of rye, catching the guiltless kids for the remainder of his life. He doesn t recognize the lone manner to remain within the field is to decease. We can besides happen his fancy toward the yesteryear when he recollected his simple school old ages at the museum.
. & # 8230 ; they all looked like they were truly winging South, and if you bent your caput down and kind of looked at them upside down, they looked in an even bigger haste to wing south. The best thing, in that museum was that everything ever stays right where it was. Cipher 500 move. You could travel at that place a hundred 1000 times, and that Eskimo would still be merely finished catching those two fish, the birds would still be manner south, the cervids would still be imbibing out of that H2O hole, with their pretty antlers and their pretty, scraggy legs, and that squaw with the bare bosom would still be weaving that same cover. Nobaby 500 be different. The lone that would be different would be you. x ( Catcher, 121 )
. Certain things they should merely remain the they are. You ought to be able to lodge them in one of those large glass instances and merely go forth them entirely. ten ( Catcher,122 )
Like Holden s memory of Allie, the museum ne’er changes yet and ever remains an image of a portion of Holden s yesteryear. As a consequence of his inability to get by with the universe and society. Holden is ever obsessed with decease. For illustration, he is invariably concerned about the ducks in the pool and believe about the unfairness of Allie s decease. It is.death of his artlessness ten. As he walks across the streets in New York, he talks aloud to Allie, imploring him non to allow him vanish.
. This symbolizes Holden s want non to vanish into society as another cog in the great machine, and his wish non to lose what small of himself he feels that he has & # 8230 ; His name besides provides a hint: Holden- Hold on. ten ( Magill, 2329 )
We can see Holden s fright of alteration and the loss of artlessness when his roomie, Ward Stradlater, announces he is traveling on a day of the month with Jane Gallagher, a good childhood friend of Holden. And when Stradlater says he might.give her the clip x. Anger breaks out in Holden because Jane is a sweet pure miss in Holden s head. Holden remembers their happy experiences together. When they play draughtss, Jane.wouldn t move any of her male monarchs, what she d do, when she d acquire a male monarch, she wouldn t move it. She d merely go forth it in the back row. She d ne’er utilize them. She merely liked the manner they looked when they were all in the back row. ten Holden wants to continue his image of her guiltless childhood beauty.
. I sat there for about a half hr after he left. I mean I merely sat in my chair, non making anything. I kept believing about Jane, and about Stradlater holding a day of the month with her and all. It made me so nervous I about went brainsick. I already told you what a sexy asshole Stradlater was. ten ( Catcher, 34 )
Although he wanted to state hullo to Jane, who was merely a few stairss off in the anteroom. Holden is frightened by the idea that Jane would truly desire to follow with Stradlater s sexual desires. This would mean a loss of artlessness and would destruct Holden s childhood memories of the. good times. ten Therefore, his fright that Jane is no longer Sweet and guiltless supports him in his residence hall. Except for his refusal to confront the fact that Jane might hold entered grownup universe, Holden besides refuses to maturate as a individual. His compulsion with his dead brother Allie and desire to defy alteration makes it hard for him to be sociable everyplace. He becomes disgusted with the corrupted society around him.
Another illustration of Holden s fright of the alteration and loss of artlessness, can been found in his talk with the cab driver. He asks the driver where the ducks go in winter. Because he is worried what the duck will make when the lake is traveling to stop dead. He wants to cognize what happens to the ducks & # 8212 ; – they leave off or decease. In Holden s head, the ducks is like him, and the lake in its winter is merely like the out universe where he lives. When everything around him changed, he was worried of what would go on to him since he couldn & # 8217 ; t alter along with the universe.
Holden s artlessness is taken off through a distorted concatenation of events. While he is waiting for Sally Hayes, an old friend of his, he has an sudden impulse to travel into a museum that he visited while still a kid in school in order to convey back memories of his childhood. However, when he eventually reaches the museum, he decided non to. .The amusing thing happened. When I got to the museum, all of a sudden I would non hold gone indoors for a million vaulting horses. It merely didn t entreaty to me & # 8230 ; x ( Catcher,122 ) This shows that Holden is going an grownup. He don t want to come in the museum because he realizes that he is excessively old to take portion in such an activity.
After two twenty-four hours s aimless rolling, he goes to run into Mr. Antolini, his old instructor. In his treatment with Mr. Antolini, his old instructor explains to him:
.Among other things, you ll happen that you re non the first individual who was of all time confused and frightened and even sickened by human behaviour. You are by no agencies entirely on that mark, you ll be excited and stimulated to cognize. Many, many work forces have been merely as troubled morally and spiritually as you are right now & # 8230 ; If you get along with [ an academic instruction ] any considerable distance, it ll get down to give you an thought what size head you have. What it ll fit, and possibly, what it won t. After a piece, you ll have an thought what sort of ideas your peculiar size head should be have oning & # 8230 ; if you have something to offer, person will larn from you. It s a beautiful mutual agreement. ten ( Catcher, 189-190 )
Through the wise advice of Mr. Antolini, Holden begins to understand that the loss of artlessness is the mature of the universe and a portion of growing-up. Holden besides begins to recognize that he can non trust to go the backstop in the rye like he dreams to be. By going his ain individual, He will larn to turn and maturate, he will happen his won bridgehead in the society measure by measure and make his ends. He will eventually get the better of his isolation by linking with his milieus. He will hold a opportunity to speak with other intelligent grownups such as he who have the same jobs in his growing-up.
Holden s idea of desiring to salvage the kids from maturity, begins to alter when he sees the.Fuck you x on the wall of Phoebe s simple school.
.It drove me curse brainsick. I thought how Phoebe and all the other childs would see it, and how they d inquire what the snake pit it meant, and so eventually some dirty child would state all cockeyed, of course what it meant, and how they d think about it even worry about it for a twosome of yearss. I kept desiring to kill whoever d written it. x ( Catcher,201 )
Because the.Fuck you x was carved on the wall, Holden can non wipe out or cover it up. Holden feels that if the kids were to see these soiled words, they would lose a small of their artlessness. After recognizing that he can non protect all the small kids from the society s rough elements, his dream of screening all the guiltless kids from adulthood is ruined.
Holden s attitude wholly changes as he watches Phoebe drive on the carrousel.
. All the childs kept seeking to catch for the gold ring, and so was old five, and I was kind of afraid she d fall off the goddamn Equus caballus, but I didn Ts say anything or make anything. The thing with childs is, if they want to catch for the gold ring, you have to allow them make it, and non state anything to them. ten ( Catcher,211 )
It is at this point that Holden sees that he can non halt kids from turning up and hence losing their artlessness. They will finally hold to see a autumn. It is one portion of growing-up. The carrousel symbolizes life, and the changeless journey of childhood into maturity. The aureate ring are symbols of the corrupted universe which ever.wears x a glistening surface to conceal its immorality. Although few kids do make the ring without falling, the bulk of the kids will fall off the carrousel into the bogus universe when endeavoring to make the aureate ring. Holden eventually believes that all kids, including him, will finally lose their pureness and virtuousness. Through his small sister Phoebe, who is traveling to confront the same job, Holden knows how pathetic and useless it is to halt the coming of age and the loss of artlessness. He learns that no affair how beautiful childhood is, finally the music will halt and the kids will fall.
His three-day journey has brought him from artlessness to knowledge, ignorance to perceptual experience, and isolation to connexion. In the stopping point of the novel, Holden says: . About all I know is, I sort of girl everybody I told about. Even old Stradlater and Ackley for case. I think I even miss that goddam Maurice. It s amusing. Don t of all time tell anybody anything. If you do, you start losing everybody. x He realizes that he does necessitate people to whom he can associate. He can non get away from the society.
The backstop in the Rye tell us a narrative of decease, metempsychosis and growing of spirit, non of organic structure. The hurting in growing-up is the hurting in the passage of the head. The Catcher in the Rye was published in 1951. During the period of 50s, American society was undergoing speedy and drastic alterations. The economic system had already recovered from the Great Depression and America became the richest state in the universe. The populating criterion in America was raised steadily. The figure of the Middle Class increased rapidly. Peoples, particularly the young person enjoyed as many benefits as possible that the new wealth had brought to them. But the abundant wealth could non cover up the emptiness of the spirit of the society. Egotism and philistinism began to overpower the whole society. The whole universe was full of corruptness and phoniness. All these had a great influence on the immature people. Salinger, in his The Catcher in the Rye, successfully creates a baffled stripling, Holden Caulfield and presents his emotional defeat, the moral perplexity and the psychological growing during the period of come ining the grownup universe. Holden is a typical character of the modern society, non merely in America but besides in the other portion of the universe.
As a character, Holden is an honest, earnestness child. His belief in human relationship is the relationship that is non spoiled by self-motivation and commercial involvements. When he finds himself surrounded by all sorts of bogus people and things both in Pencey and in New York, he feels really defeated and longs for traveling back to his childhood. Furthermore, he wants to be a dissenter of all the good values he and other kids preserve. Therefore, he takes some kind of rebellious actions, such as hedging school, contending with Stradlater etc. But all these attempts fall into a failure. He begins to larn how to confront the bogus universe of the grownups. He realizes he lives in a existent society, non in his phantasy. He can non alter it but accept it.